Mayonnaise Market Analysis: Trends, Growth Factors, and Future Outlook

Mayonnaise: The Popular Sandwich Spread


Mayonnaise is a thick, creamy sauce or spread made from oil, egg yolks, vinegar or lemon juice, and seasonings. First made in 1756 by the French chef of Louis XV, it has become one of the most popular condiments worldwide. Rich and flavorful, mayo adds moisture and richness to sandwiches, salads, potato sides, and more. Let's take a deeper look at this versatile condiment.

Key Ingredients

The three main ingredients that give mayo its signature taste and texture are oil, egg yolks, and an acid such as vinegar or lemon juice. Refined oils like soybean, canola, or vegetable oils are most common, comprising up to 80% of the ingredient list. Egg yolks act as an emulsifier, allowing the oil and acid to combine into a thick creamy spread. The acid, usually white vinegar, balances the richness from the oil with a bright tanginess. Seasonings like mustard, sugar, salt, and garlic powder are also frequently included.

Emulsification Process

During the mayonnaising process, the egg yolks and acid are whisked together vigorously as oil is slowly drizzled in. This allows the fats in the oil to combine with the proteins in the egg yolks, resulting in an emulsion where the oil is suspended into tiny droplets throughout the spread. Continuous whisking is important to prevent the oil from separating out. For homemade mayo, using a blender, food processor, or immersion blender makes creating the emulsion much easier. Store-bought varieties are produced using powerful machinery that replicates this emulsifying technique on a larger scale.

Varieties and Flavors

While a basic mayo contains just the core ingredients, many varieties expand on traditional flavors or introduce new ones. Garlic mayo adds a savory kick with minced or pressed garlic. Herb mayos infuse the spread with fresh flavors like basil, chives, or oregano. Spicy mayos inject heat from ingredients like sriracha or pepperoncini. Low-fat and vegan versions utili